September 2019 Outbreak Notices

Updated: Dec 3, 2019

Hurricane Dorian in the Bahamas:

  • On 2 September 2019, hurricane Dorian made landfall in the Bahamas at Abacos and Grand Bahama Island.

  • Travelers who must go to affected parts of the Bahamas should take steps to prevent illness and injury by being sensitive to possible physical dangers, including debris, unstable buildings, moving water, and downed power lines, as well as exposure to disease.

  • Contaminated drinking water and reduced access to safe water, food, and shelter in some areas may create conditions for outbreaks of infectious diseases.

  • The Foreign and Commonwealth Office (FCO) have advised against travelling to Grand Bahama and Abaco Islands, but other unaffected areas can be travelled to.

  • Travellers to the affected areas should have a travel health consultation before departure to ensure that all vaccines are up to date and discuss travel health risks.

  • For more information, please read here.

Ebola in DRC:

  • Ebola began in DRC in August 2018 in the northeast of the country. Since 26 August 2019, a total of 2,983 cases have been confirmed with 1,994 deaths.

  • Majority of cases have been in North Kivu, with a recent outbreak in South Kivu of 5 cases and 2 deaths.

  • The risk to travellers is generally extremely low.

  • Exit screening is in operation for travellers leaving Goma Airport, DRC.

  • If you are unwell within 21 days post trip to DRC then get medical advice. Call NHS 111 or contact your GP by telephone. Mention that you have returned from DRC and may have a potential exposure to Ebola and include the dates and itinerary of your travel.

  • For more information, please read here.

Outbreak of Yellow Fever in Nigeria:

  • Nigeria Centre for Disease Control has reported an outbreak of yellow fever in Bauchi State.

  • Between 1 August and 11 September 2019, there have been 169 suspected cases and 23 deaths. Yellow fever is endemic to Nigeria.

  • Yellow fever is transmitted via daytime biting mosquitoes so good bite prevention is needed at all times.

  • Yellow fever vaccine is advised for travellers to Nigeria.

  • For more information, please read here.

Polio in the Philippines:

  • There was a second case of Polio in the Philippines. The case was identified in Laguna Province about 100km southeast of Manila and about 800km north of the recent case in Lanao del Sur. This gives rise (not confirmed) about a widespread circulation of the Polio virus in the country.

  • If you are travelling to the Polio-affected areas, please ensure that you are fully vaccinated against polio. Residents and travellers (for more than 4 weeks) visiting an affected area should ensure they have received an additional dose of the Polio vaccine within the last 12 months.

  • For more information, please read here.

West Nile Fever in Europe:

  • From the beginning of 2019 transmission season, West Nile infections have been reported in Greece (156), Cyprus (14), Italy (14), Hungary (11), Bulgaria (4), Austria (1), and France (1).

  • There have been 20 deaths reported in Greece (14), Romania (3), Cyprus (1), Italy (1), and Serbia (1).

  • There is no vaccine but good mosquito bite avoidance is recommended at all times (especially dusk to dawn) when outbreaks are occurring.

  • Most symptoms are mild and 80% of people are asymptomatic

  • The incubation period is 2-14 days. Symptoms include sudden onset of flu, such as fever, headaches, malaise, vomiting, and stomach upset.

  • Treatment is supportive.

  • For more information, please read here.

Information from Travel Health Pro, World Health Organisation, Travax and Fit for Travel. Compiled by Jo Thompson.

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