Coronavirus in China - Wuhan Novel Coronavirus (WN-CW):
The risk to the public is low, but there is a risk of imported cases.
The first cases were reported on the 31 December 2019 as an unknown pneumonia in Wuhan in the Hubei Province, China. A new coronavirus was then identified.
The coronaviruses are in a large family of mild illnesses, including the common cold and Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS).
There are 29 provinces that have reported coronavirus cases, including Beijing.
As from 27 January 2020, there have been 2,798 confirmed cases with 2,741 in China. There are another 5,794 suspected cases and 106 deaths. This data is changing daily due the epidemiology of the virus.
There have been 37 confirmed cases in 11 countries including Japan, Vietnam, Australia, France, America, and Canada. Of the 37 cases, 34 individuals have been to Wuhan city.
The Foreign and Commonwealth Office (FCO) have advised against all travel to the Hubei province in China. All transport hubs in Wuhan have been closed.
There is no vaccine against the coronavirus.
Incubation period is up to 14 days.
Symptoms include fever, cough and breathlessness.
It is not yet known how people are getting infected. It is thought that the virus was caught from animals but this has not been confirmed yet.
Basic principles to reduce the risk of transmission of acute respiratory infections are:
Wash hands regularly with soap and water or a disinfectant, especially after coughing and sneezing, before handling and consuming food.
Use disposable tissues when coughing or sneezing and dispose of used tissues carefully and promptly.
Avoid close contact with people who appear unwell and avoid sharing personal items.
If you are travelling to Wuhan, then please use the following precautions:
Wash hands frequently.
Avoid close contact with people that look unwell.
Avoid contact with animals and poultry, including farms and markets.
If you become unwell within 14 days of travel to Wuhan, China:
Seek prompt medical advice if ill with breathing difficulties by calling your GP or dialling 111, informing them about your recent travel, and that you may have been exposed.
Try to limit contact with others if you become unwell after travel until you have been assessed by a health professional.
When coughing and sneezing, use tissues, disposing of used tissues carefully and promptly and washing your hands.
For further information on the coronavirus, please read more here.
Measles in DRC:
The measles outbreak continues to evolve in DRC with 26 provinces reporting a measles outbreak since the start in June 2019.
On 12 January 2020, 311,471 cases were recorded with 6,045 deaths. This is more than Ebola in the country.
63% of the cases were either unvaccinated or had an unknown vaccine status in children over 5 years old.
More than 18 million children have been vaccinated since the start of the measles outbreak.
Travellers to DRC need to ensure that they have had 2 MMR (measles/mumps/rubella) vaccines or had the measles disease for lifelong natural immunity.
Ebola in DRC:
Ebola began in DRC in August 2018 in the north east of the country. As of 26 January 2020, a total of 3,416 cases have been confirmed with 2,239 deaths.
The risk to travellers is generally extremely low.
Exit screening is in operation for travellers leaving Goma Airport, DRC.
If you are unwell within 21 days post trip to DRC then get medical advice. Call NHS 111 or contact your GP by telephone. Mention that you have returned from DRC and may have a potential exposure to Ebola and include the dates and itinerary of your travel.